Understanding free movement and migration in the European Union
Attitudes correlate to perceived threats
The REMINDER project found attitudes toward free movement are affected by perceived threats from immigration both from within and outside the EU.
The project looked at Europeans’ attitudes toward free movement in relation to immigrants from Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Western Europe, based on perceptions of:
- economic impacts
- cultural impacts
- security impacts
Overall, immigration was perceived as a threat more than a benefit. However, perceptions of the impacts of immigration differed depending on the origin of immigrant groups, and also varied between Eastern and Western European countries. In Poland, Hungary, and Romania, perceived threats from European immigrants were associated with negative attitudes toward free movement. In Germany and Sweden, it was perceived threats from non-European immigrants that triggered such negative attitudes. In the UK and Spain, threat perceptions about both immigrant groups negatively affected attitudes toward free movement.