Understanding free movement and migration in the European Union
There is no single definition of a ‘migrant’ – the UN defines a long term international migrant as:
A person who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least one year, so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence.
However even that UN definition is not universally accepted, and can leave scope for misunderstandings.
Analysis in the REMINDER project generally uses one of three factors to define whether a person is a migrant or not:
- a person’s country of birth
- their citizenship
- their country of previous or next residence