Understanding free movement and migration in the European Union
Methodology for analysis of labour market and public service impacts of migration
REMINDER’s analysis of the labour market and public service impacts of intra-EU migration was conducted in two steps.
First, the researchers used regression analysis to estimate the impact of migration on the labour market outcomes of natives, paying particular attention to how immigration might affect the occupational choices of natives. To do this, they combined data containing detailed information on the labour market activities and demographic characteristics of individuals with data on migrant numbers at the local level at different points of time. In order to explore the impact on the types of occupations performed by natives, the researchers used the information on labour market activities and constructed an indicator of the physical intensity of each job.
The researchers then expanded the analysis by exploring the consequences of those labour market impacts on several factors including health outcomes and the use of medical facilities.