Understanding free movement and migration in the European Union
Migrants contribute more to welfare than they receive
This chart shows REMINDER analysis demonstrating that the impact of an average EU migrant household on public finances (fiscal impact) was positive — meaning they contributed more than they received — during the ten-year period between 2005 and 2015.
The REMINDER team classified EU countries in terms of five different welfare regimes (Basic security; Continental corporatist; Mediterranean corporatist; State insurance; and Universal) with differing levels of ‘generosity’. Importantly, the team didn’t find evidence that more ‘generous’ welfare states led to worse net-effects to public finances from EU immigration.
The chart also shows the impact of the financial crisis on the fiscal impact of EU migrants — the biggest impact of the economic crisis was in the ‘basic security’ regimes of the UK, Ireland and Malta.