Policy has direct and indirect impacts

The ways in which national labour markets and welfare states are structured can affect how the public and policy makers respond to free movement. These impacts can be direct or indirect.

Direct impacts relate to how these structural factors might shape the actual scale, characteristics and effects of mobility – for example, by creating a situation where businesses are able to recruit EU workers more easily or cheaply.

More indirectly, labour market or welfare structures can interact with people’s ‘normative attitudes’ — that is, the native population’s sense of ‘how things ought to be’. REMINDER researchers discuss this in terms of the effects of welfare and labour market institutions on the economic and other ‘interests’ and ‘ideas’ (or normative attitudes) of people in host countries.

What’s the best way to think about policy?

What are people's attitudes about labour markets and migration?

What are people's attitudes about welfare benefits and migration?